“Should be required reading in every classroom.”Judith Malina, founder of Living Theater
The Free Fare Movement (Movimento Passe Livre) is an independent and nonpartisan social movement in Brazil that fights to change the current private transportation system to a free public transportation system available to everyone. The movement started in the 2000s, with several important campaigns in various cities that led up to mass demonstrations throughout Brazil in 2011 and 2013. In 2013, it is estimated that over a million people marched for, and in many places won, a repeal of fare hikes for buses. The movement continues to fight for free public transportation as a basic right for all Brazilians.